*The tutorial shows how to use IF together with the AND function in Excel to check multiple conditions in a formula.*

Some things in the world are finite. Others are infinite, and the IF function seems to be one of those things. On our blog, we already have a handful ofExcel IF Tutorialsand still discover new uses every day. Today we are going to see how you can use IF together with the AND function to evaluate two or more conditions at the same time.

- Excel SE E Formula
- IF greater than AND less than
- IF AND, then calculate
- Excel SE with multiple AND conditions
- IF nested AND in Excel
- IF AND function is case sensitive
- IF AND OR statements

## IF AND statement in Excel

To construct the IF AND statement, you obviously need to combine theEyYfunctions in a formula. That's how:

YES IT IS(*condition1*,*condition2*,…), value_if_true, value_if_false)

Translated into plain English, the formula is as follows: IF condition 1 is true AND condition 2 is true, do one thing, otherwise do another.

As an example, let's make a formula that checks that B2 is "delivered" and C2 is not empty, and based on the results, do one of the following:

- If both conditions are TRUE, mark the order as "Closed".
- Se uma das condições for FALSE ou ambas forem FALSE, retorne uma string vazia ("").

`=IF(E(B2="delivered", C2<>""), "Closed", "")`

The following screenshot shows the IF AND function in Excel:

If you want to return some value if the logical test evaluates to FALSE, provide that value in the*value_if_false*argument. For example:

`=IF(E(B2="Delivered", C2<>""), "Closed", "Open")`

The modified formula returns "Closed" if column B is "delivered" and C has some date (not blank). In all other cases, it returns "Open":

UseWhen using an IF AND formula in Excel to evaluate text conditions, remember that lowercase and uppercase letters are treated as the same character. If you are looking for oneCase sensitive IF E formula, wrap one or more AND arguments in the EXACT function as done in the linked example.

Now that you know the syntax of Excel's IF AND statement, let me show you what kinds of tasks it can solve.

## Excel SE: greater than and less than

In the above example, we were testing two conditions on two different cells. But sometimes it may be necessary to run two or more tests on the same cell. A typical example is checking whether the value of a cell is**between two numbers**. Excel's IF AND function can easily do this too!

Suppose you have some sales figures in column B and you are asked to check for values greater than $50 but less than $100. To do this, enter this formula in C2 and copy it into the column:

`=SI(Y(B2>50, B2<100), "x", "")`

If you need to include the**limit values**(50 e 100), use o*less than or equal to*operator (<=) and*Better than or equal to*(>=) operator:

`=SI(Y(B2>=50, B2<=100), "x", "")`

To process some other threshold values without changing the formula, enter the minimum and maximum numbers in two separate cells and refer to those cells in your formula. For the formula to work correctly on all rows, be sure to useabsolute referencesfor the boundary cells ($F$1 and $F$2 in our case):

`=SI(Y(B2>=$F$1, B2<=$F$2), "x", "")`

Using a similar formula, you can check whether a**meeting**cai**within a specified range**.

For example, let's mark the dates between September 10, 2018 and September 30, 2018, inclusive. A minor hurdle is that dates cannot be provided directly to logic tests. For Excel to understand dates, they must be included in theFECHAVALOfunction, like this:

`=SE(Y(B2>=VALUEDATE("10/9/2018"), B2<=VALUEDATE("30/9/2018")), "x", "")`

Or just enter*Of*y*AN*dates into two cells ($F$1 and $F$2 in this example) and "pull" them from those cells using the familiar IF AND formula:

`=SI(Y(B2>=$F$1, B2<=$F$2), "x", "")`

For more information, seeExcel IF statement between two numbers or dates.

## IF this AND that then calculate something

In addition to returning predefined values, Excel's IF AND function can also perform different calculations depending on whether the specified conditions are TRUE or FALSE.

To demonstrate the approach, we'll calculate a 5% bonus for "closed" sales with an amount greater than or equal to $100.

Assuming the quantity is in column B and the order status is in column C, the formula is as follows:

`=IF(E(B2>=100, C2="closed"), B2*10%, 0)`

The above formula assigns zero to the remainder of orders (*value_if_false*= 0). If you are willing to give a small nurturing bonus, say 3%, for orders that do not meet the conditions, please include the corresponding equation in the*value_if_false*argument:

`=SI(Y(B2>=100, C2="cerrado"), B2*10%, B2*3%)`

## Multiple IF AND statements in Excel

As you may have noticed, we evaluated only two criteria in all of the examples above. But there's nothing to stop you from including three or more tests in your SE AND formulas, as long as they meet these general Excel limitations:

- In Excel 2007 and later, up to 255 arguments can be used in a formula, with a total formula length of no more than 8192 characters.
- In Excel 2003 and earlier, no more than 30 arguments are allowed, with a total length of no more than 1024 characters.

As an example of multiple AND conditions, consider these:

- The amount (B2) must be greater than or equal to $100
- Order status (C2) is "Closed"
- The delivery date (D2) is within the current month

Now we need an IF AND statement to identify orders for which all 3 conditions are TRUE. And here it is:

`=IF(S(B2>=100, C2="Closed", MONTH(D2)=MONTH(TODAY())), "x", "")`

Since the 'current month' at the time of this writing is October, the formula gives the following results:

## Nested IF AND statements

When working with large spreadsheets, it may be necessary to check a few different sets of AND criteria at once. For this you take a classic.Excel Nested IF Formulaand extend your logic tests with AND statements, like this:

YES IT IS(…),*output1*, YES IT IS(…),*salida2*, YES IT IS(…),*salida3*,*movie 4*)))

To get a general idea, look at the following example.

Let's say you want to rate your service based on shipping cost and estimated delivery time (ETD):

*Great*: shipping cost under $20 and ETD under 3 days*Poor*: shipping costs more than $30 and ETD more than 5 days*Average*: anything in between

To do this, write two individual IF AND statements:

`IF(E(B2<20, C2<3), "Excellent",...)`

`SE(E(B2>30, C2>5), "Ruim",...)`

...and snap one to the other:

`=IF(S(B2>30, C2>5), "Poor", IF(S(B2<20, C2<3), "Excellent", "Average"))`

The result will be similar to this:

More example formulas can be found atExcel nested IF AND statements.

## Case sensitive IF function in Excel

As mentioned at the beginning of this tutorial, IF AND formulas in Excel are case insensitive because the AND function is case insensitive by nature.

If you are working with**upper and lowercase**data and you want to evaluate the AND conditions considering the case of the text, perform each individual logic test inside the EXACT function and nest these functions in your AND statement:

IF(AND(EXACT(*cell*, "*condition1*"), EXACTLY(*cell*, "*condition2*")), value_if_true, value_if_false)

For this example, we'll flag orders from a specific customer (for example, the company named*cyberspace*) with a value that exceeds a certain number, say $100.

As you can see in the screenshot below, some company names in column B have the same case extract and yet they are different companies so we need to check the names.**exactly**. The quantities in column C are numbers, and we perform a regular "greater than" test for them:

`=IF(AND(EXACT(B2, "Cyberspace"), C2>100), "x", "")`

To make the formula more flexible, you can enter the target customer's name and value in two separate cells and refer to those cells. Just rememberblock cell references with the $ sign($G$1 and $G$2 in our case) so they don't change when you copy the formula to other lines:

`=IF(AND(EXACT(B2, $G$1), C2>$G$2), "x", "")`

Now, you can type any name and value in the referenced cells, and the formula will mark the corresponding orders in your table:

## IF OR AND Formula in Excel

In Excel SE formulas, you are not limited to using just onelogical function. To check various combinations of various conditions, you can combine IF, AND, OR and other functions to perform the necessary logical tests. Here is an example ofFormula IF AND ORwhich tests a pair of OR conditions inside AND. And now, I'll show you how you can do two or more AND tests inside the OR function.

Suppose you want to mark orders for two customers with an amount greater than a certain number, say $100.

In the Excel language, our conditions are expressed like this:

`OR AND(`

*Cliente1*,*The amount*>100), Y(*Cliente2*,*The amount*>100)

Assuming that customer names are in column B, quantities are in column C, the 2 target names are in G1 and G2, and the target quantity is in G3, use this formula to mark the corresponding orders with "x":

`=SI(O(Y(B2=$G$1, C2>$G$3), Y(B2=$G$2, C2>$G$3)), "x", "")`

The same results can be achieved with a more compact syntax:

`=SI(Y(O(B2=$G$1,B2= $G$2), C2>$G$3), "x", "")`

Not sure if you fully understand the logic of the formula? More information can be found atExcel SE with multiple AND/OR conditions.

This is how you use the SE and AND functions together in Excel. Thanks for reading and see you next week!

## practice notebook

SE AND Excel – examples of formulas(.xlsx file)

## You might also be interested in

- IF OR in Excel with Formula Examples
- Excel nested IF formula with multiple conditions
- Excel function IF ERROR
- Excel: if cell contains
- If cell contains, count, add, highlight, copy, or delete

## FAQs

### Can you nest multiple if and statements in Excel? ›

Remarks. While **Excel will allow you to nest up to 64 different IF functions**, it's not at all advisable to do so.

**How do you use multiple IF and AND function in Excel? ›**

**When you combine each one of them with an IF statement, they read like this:**

- AND – =IF(AND(Something is True, Something else is True), Value if True, Value if False)
- OR – =IF(OR(Something is True, Something else is True), Value if True, Value if False)
- NOT – =IF(NOT(Something is True), Value if True, Value if False)

**How do you write an IF THEN formula in Excel with multiple criteria? ›**

Another way to get an Excel IF to test multiple conditions is by **using an array formula**. To complete an array formula correctly, press the Ctrl + Shift + Enter keys together. In Excel 365 and Excel 2021, this also works as a regular formula due to support for dynamic arrays.

**What is the difference between nested if and multi way IF statements? ›**

**In a multi-way 'if' statement, you only get to eat out of one of them.** **In a nested 'if' statement, the bowls are nested together**. You might eat the chips out of the outer one, and maybe dip them into the salsa in the middle. This helped very much.

**Can you nest the AND OR OR functions within an IF function? ›**

**You can automate the evaluation of logical tests by NESTING the AND, OR, NOT functions inside a single IF function**. This means that if we have multiple conditions but we want to return a single output, we can nest any of the conjunction functions inside an IF and specify outputs accordingly.

**Can you have 4 if statements in Excel? ›**

As a worksheet function, the IF function can be entered as part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet. It is possible to nest multiple IF functions within one Excel formula. **You can nest up to 7 IF functions to create a complex IF THEN ELSE statement**.

**How do you use if function in Excel with 4 conditions? ›**

**You can use the following formulas to create an IF function with 4 conditions in Excel:**

- Method 1: Nested IF Function =IF(C2<15,"Bad",IF(C2<20,"OK",IF(C2<25,"Good",IF(C2<30,"Great","Awesome"))))
- Method 2: IF Function with AND Logic =IF(AND(A2="Mavs", B2="Guard", C2>20, D2>4), "Yes", "No")

**Can you have multiple conditions in Excel? ›**

**The multiple IF conditions in Excel are IF statements contained within another IF statement**. They are used to test multiple conditions simultaneously and return distinct values. The additional IF statements can be included in the “value if true” and “value if false” arguments of a standard IF formula.

**How do I sum values based on multiple criteria in another sheet in Excel? ›**

If you want, you can apply the criteria to one range and sum the corresponding values in a different range. For example, the formula **=SUMIF(B2:B5, "John", C2:C5)** sums only the values in the range C2:C5, where the corresponding cells in the range B2:B5 equal "John."

**How do I combine two formulas in Excel? ›**

**Combine data with the Ampersand symbol (&)**

- Select the cell where you want to put the combined data.
- Type = and select the first cell you want to combine.
- Type & and use quotation marks with a space enclosed.
- Select the next cell you want to combine and press enter. An example formula might be =A2&" "&B2.

### What is better than nested if statements? ›

Alternatives to nested IF in Excel

To test multiple conditions and return different values based on the results of those tests, you can use the **CHOOSE function** instead of nested IFs.

**Why are nested if statements Bad? ›**

Why This is Bad. Deeply nested conditionals make it just about impossible to tell what code will run, or when. The big problem with nested conditionals is that **they muddy up code's control flow**: in other words, they make it just about impossible to tell what code will run, or when.

**What are the disadvantages of nested if-else statement? ›**

**Disadvantages:**

- if-else statements increase the number of code paths to be tested.
- If there are a lot of if statements the code sometimes becomes unreadable and complex, in such cases we use Switch case statement.

**How many functions can you nest within other functions? ›**

The AVERAGE and SUM functions are nested within the IF function. You can nest **up to 64 levels of functions** in a formula.

**Can you do multiple if and statements? ›**

In Excel IF formulas, you are not limited to using only one logical function. To check various combinations of multiple conditions, **you are free to combine the IF, AND, OR and other functions to run the required logical tests**.

**Can you have more than 3 conditional formats in Excel? ›**

**If you need to define additional conditions—more than three—and you need different formats for each of the conditions, then you are out of luck**. In that instance, you will need to use VBA macros to check your conditions and modify cell formats accordingly.

**How many conditions can be in an AND statement Excel? ›**

Additional conditions that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE, **up to a maximum of 255 conditions**.

**How do you insert an IF count if for some if function in a cell? ›**

**Excel COUNTIF Function**

- Select a cell.
- Type =COUNTIF.
- Double click the COUNTIF command.
- Select a range.
- Type ,
- Select a cell (the criteria, the value that you want to count)
- Hit enter.

**What does <> mean in Excel? ›**

In Excel, <> means **not equal to**. The <> operator in Excel checks if two values are not equal to each other. Let's take a look at a few examples.

**Can you add more than one condition in conditional formatting? ›**

Apply Multiple Conditional Formatting Rules

**You can add many conditional formats to the same cell and range in order to get the desired effect**.

### What is the difference between Xlookup and INDEX match? ›

Let's recap how XLOOKUP outperforms VLOOKUP and INDEX/MATCH: It is the simplest function, with only 3 arguments needed in most cases because the default match_mode is 0 (exact match). **It's a single function, unlike INDEX/MATCH, so it's faster to type**.

**Is Vlookup better than INDEX match? ›**

**INDEX-MATCH is much better**: It's never slower than VLOOKUP and can be much faster. It returns a reference rather than a value, which allows us to use it for more purposes. It doesn't care where the result array is with regard to the lookup array.

**How do I sum multiple columns with multiple conditions? ›**

**SUMIFS + SUMIFS** to sum multiple columns

To sum cells that match multiple criteria, you normally use the SUMIFS function.

**How do I use SUMPRODUCT with multiple criteria? ›**

How to use SUMPRODUCT with Multiple Criteria in Excel? We can **use it in place of formulas like SUMIF**. **The criteria can include dates, numbers, and text**. For example, the formula “=SUMIF(B1:B5, “<=12”)” adds the values in the cell range B1:B5, which are less than or equal to 12.

**Can sum if have multiple criteria? ›**

The SUMIFS function, one of the math and trig functions, **adds all of its arguments that meet multiple criteria**.

**Can you mix 2 formulas together? ›**

1 Switching between formula brands is not a problem, even though many parents wonder if doing so may cause fussiness or stool changes in their baby. In fact, **you can even mix different brands of the same type of formula together if you feel that your baby responds better to a mixture of one brand with another.**

**What happens if you mix two formulas together? ›**

It's safe to mix and match infant formulas if you are following standard mixing instructions. Really. Although **spitting up or gassiness** is usually not due to the protein in formula (cow's milk versus soy versus hypoallergenic), sometimes changing formula helps new babies and their parents who worry.

**How do you put multiple formulas in one cell? ›**

Yes, you can have two or more formulas in one cell of Excel by **combining them using Excel's text concatenation operator "&" or the CONCATENATE function**.

**Can you have multiple if and statements? ›**

**It is possible to nest multiple IF functions within one Excel formula**. You can nest up to 7 IF functions to create a complex IF THEN ELSE statement. TIP: If you have Excel 2016, try the new IFS function instead of nesting multiple IF functions.

**Is it bad to have a lot of nested IF statements? ›**

Why This is Bad. **Deeply nested conditionals make it just about impossible to tell what code will run, or when**. The big problem with nested conditionals is that they muddy up code's control flow: in other words, they make it just about impossible to tell what code will run, or when.

### Is nested IF and ELSE IF same? ›

There's not really a difference. **The if, else if, else conditional is actually the same as the nested one with one of the {} enclosures removed**. When you have only a single statement within a {} enclosure, you can usually eliminate the {}.

**Can multiple IF statements have one else? ›**

**If you have more than one condition, you can add other condition with else if**. So, if first condition false and second condition is true, then the second condition will be run.

**Can I use and && in same if statement? ›**

**You can use the logical operators && (AND), || (OR) , and !** **(NOT) within control expressions in an if statement**. You must be careful to use extra parentheses in some situations since && (AND) executes before || (OR) according to the order of operations.

**How do you write if and then statement in Excel? ›**

The syntax of IF-THEN is **=IF(logic test,value if true,value if false)**. The first argument tells the function what to do if the comparison is true. The second argument tells the function what to do if the comparison is false.

**What is the maximum number of nested if statements in Excel? ›**

Excel has limits on how deeply you can nest IF functions. Up to Excel 2007, Excel allowed up to 7 levels of nested IFs. In Excel 2007+, Excel allows up to 64 levels.

**How many nested loops is too many? ›**

Actually it is not advisable to use **more than 10 nested loops** because of the following reasons: ->It leads to exponential time which makes your code unusable ->It leads to cyclomatic complexity which means it is very hard to maintain this code.

**What is the difference between nested IF and Elif statement? ›**

Difference between if and if elif else

Python will evaluate all three if statements to determine if they are true. Once a condition in the if elif else statement is true, Python stop evaluating the other conditions. Because of this, **if elif else is faster than three if statements**.

**What types of if statements can be nested one inside another? ›**

**Nested IF with OR/AND conditions**

In case you need to evaluate a few sets of different conditions, you can express those conditions using OR as well as AND function, nest the functions inside IF statements, and then nest the IF statements into each other.

**What is nested IF loop? ›**

Nested if is **a decision-making statement that works similar to other decision-making statements such as if, else, if..else, etc**. It executes a block of code if the condition written within the if statement is true. However, in the nested-if statement, the block of code is placed inside another if block.

**Can IF statement have more than 2 conditions? ›**

**The multiple IF conditions in Excel are IF statements contained within another IF statement**. They are used to test multiple conditions simultaneously and return distinct values. The additional IF statements can be included in the “value if true” and “value if false” arguments of a standard IF formula.

### What is the difference between multiple if and multiple else if? ›

While **the if-else if statement only executes the latter if statement when the first if statement is false, multiple if statements are guaranteed to execute all of them**.

**Can you put multiple If statements in one cell sheets? ›**

**When you use multiple IF statements (functions) inside the same Google Sheets function they are called nested IF statements because each one is inside the next**. Nesting enables multiple conditional checks in a single Google Sheets formula.